CHAPTER – I

INTRODUCTION

 

            Khurda district occupies an important place in the map of Orissa as one of the most advanced districts of the state. The present district of Khurda was carved out of the parent district of Puri and function independently as a district from 1st April 1993. Furthermore, the  temple city of Bhubaneswar, the State Capital of Orissa is situated in this district. Khurda town is the district head quarter which is 29 kms away from the state capital. The district is famous for having the ancient Lingaraj temple, Khandagiri, Dhauligiri, Kedargouri, Rajarani Temple, Nandan Kanan Geological Park, Autry Hot Water Stream, Barunai Hills, Bookhari Baba tomb and having the largest brakish water Chilika Lake. It is called the tourist paradise of Orissa. Besides the above tourist potential, the district is enriched with various natural resources like Agriculture, Fisheries, Horticulture, Handloom & Handicraft products as well as the I.T. Sector.

 

          The district is well irrigated and fertile due to flow of a number of rivers like Daya, Bhargabi, Kuakhia etc. Paddy and vegetables are the major crops of this district. Industrially it is one of the advanced district of Orissa having four Industrial Estates besides Software Export Development Park. The district of Khurda also enjoys the abundant supply of technical and professional personnel due to presence of Central Tool Room Institute, CIPET, CIFA, XIMB, NIFD and a number of Techno-management Institute. The presence of LPG bottling plant  of HPCL, BPCL and IPCL has further given impetus to its industrial opportunities. Thus the district of Khurda is an important destination for tourist, trade and industries.

SCOPE AND OBJECTIVES

          The present industrial potential survey is focused on the district of Khurda as a whole. The survey report is prepared mostly on the basis of available information collected from fields. The Industrial Potential Survey has been undertaken with the following objective :

 

-                  To explore the possibility of promotion of ancillary/downstream industries.

-                  To see viability for setting up projects in Consumer Plastics, Food Processing and Textile Sector with reference to RMG & Knitwear Sector.

-                  To assess the existing industrial activities of the district in catering the local demand and utilization of available resources.

-                  To identify some location for viable projects in small scale sector.

-                  Setting up aluminium park, food processing park, urban hat, software park, petrochemical zone have created wide opportunity for entrepreneurs to develop their venture on sustainable basis.

 

METHODOLOGY

          The present industrial potential survey has been conducted by the Institute (IEDO) after getting order and guidelines from the Directorate of Industries, Government of Orissa, Cuttack in their Order No. PP.VI-41/98-13790/Ind. Dated 1st December, 1998.

 

          The data/information for this survey were collected from both primary and secondary sources. The primary data has been gathered by the officers/staff member of the Institute by visiting various offices of related interest in the district after having detailed discussion with the officials. The secondary data are collected from various printed media published by Directorate of Economics & Statistics, Director of Census, Orissa, Directorate of Industries, Directorate of Agriculture, Textiles, Directorate of Employment and various other publications.

 

          After collecting all the information and compilation of data a thorough desk research and discussion among the professionals of the Institute were held and the final shape of the report has come out.

 

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CHAPTER – II

DISTRICT AT A GLANCE

 

            During the district re-organisation Khurda district was created in the year 1993. It has ten Blocks, one Municipality and four N.A.Cs. The district is surrounded by Cuttack district on the north and north-east sides, Nayagarh district on the west, Puri district on the south and Ganjam district on the south-west. The rivers Kuakhai, Daya, Malguni and Bhargabi flow through this district. The famous Chilika lake lies towards the last part of the district towards Puri. The district is thickly populated having a population of 15.02 lakhs out of which around 65% of the population lives in rural areas. The district is experiencing monsoonic hot humid and sub-humid climate. The average annual rainfall of the district is 1449 mm. The district is divided into two geographical areas such as south-eastern coastal plain and north-eastern ghat. The south-eastern coastal plain has alluvial soil while the north-easterns ghat has red lateritic soil and ideal alluvial soil. The district is covered by 618.67 sqm of forest area out of which 298.81 sqm is reserve forest, 0.68 sqm is unclassified forest, 209.81 sqm is demarcated forest and 104.31 km are other forests. The major forest resources of the district are teak, fire wood, fodder and cashewnuts. Industrially the district is very advanced in the state of Orissa having 2900 SSI units besides 45 nos. of large and medium industries employing more than 30,000 persons. The district is prone to drought and cyclone. The cyclone occurs due to depression in the Bay of Bengal and usually experienced in the pre-monsoon months and post-monsoon months. The super cyclone of 1999 has caused massive devastation causing serious economic repercussion in the district. The up-land and un-irrigated part of the district has occasionally experienced drought due to poor rainfall. In the year 1966-67 the drought situation in the district was seriously felt. The district is unique for its absolutely dust free atmosphere and its surroundings.

 

The profile of the district are classified in tabular form as follows :

 

TABLE – 1

 

ADMINISTRATIVE SET-UP

Sl.No.

Item

Unit

Magnitude

1

2

3

4

1.

Location

(a)  Longitude

(b) Latitude

 

Degree minutes

Degree Minutes

 

84°55’ to 86°5’ East

19°40’ to 20°25’ North

2.

Geographical area

Sq.Kms.

2889

3.

Subdivisions

No

2

4.

Tahasils

No

7

5.

C.D. Blocks

No

10

6.

Towns (including census towns)

No

5

7.

Municipalities

No

1

8.

N.A.Cs.

No

4

9.

Police Stations

No

22

10.

Grampanchayats

No

154

11.

Villages

(a)  Inhabited

(b) Uninhabited

No

No

No

1567

1355

212

12.

Fire Stations

No

7

13.

Assembly Constituencies

No

6

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE – 2

AREAWISE POPULATION (1991 CENSUS)

District/Block/Urban area

Total Population

 

Male

Female

Total

1

2

3

4

1991

789,334

712,680

15,02,014

1. Balianta

  49,460

  47,958

     97,418

2. Balipatna

  46,912

  45,482

     92,394

3. Banapur

  48,041

 48,135

     96,176

4. Begunia

  52,048

 51,189

   103,237

5. Bhubaneswar

  47,620

 45,515

      93,135

6. Bolagarh

  54,559

 53,238

    107,797

7. Chilika

  48,453

 45,854

     94,307

8. Jatani

  38,235

36,635

  74,870

9. Khurda

  52,783

52,307

 105,090

10. Tangi

  61,427

59,882

 121,309

URBAN

 

 

 

1. Balugaon(N)

    6,531

   5,873

  12,404

2. Banapur(N)

    6,981

    6,721

  13,702

3. Bhubaneswar(M)

     234,897

176,645

411,542

4. Jatani(N)

 25,082

  22,960

  48,042

5. Khurda (N)

 16,305

 14,286

   30,591

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 


TABLE – 3

AREAWISE OCCUPATIONAL PATTERN (1991 CENSUS)

 

District/Block/

Urban areas

Main Workers

Cultivators

Agricul-tural labourers

Live stock, Forestry, Fishing, Hunting & Plantation orchards & allied activities

Mining & Quarry-ing

Manufacturing, Processing,

  Servicing   &   Repairs in      

 

Household         Other than

 Industry           Household     

                            Industry

Construc-tion

Trade and Commerce

Transport,storage and communications

Other

services

Marginal workers

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Balianta

30813

9082

9419

681

28

1399

3510

437

2703

421

3133

1522

2. Balipatna

26747

10140

9054

410

18

952

857

202

2340

471

2303

1278

3. Banapur

26779

15848

5355

732

13

677

466

199

1064

249

2176

1721

4. Begunia

28462

12370

9117

320

95

1068

1209

200

1526

405

2152

1671

5. Bhubaneswar

27673

8234

8864

1041

182

279

2033

472

2429

624

3465

1484

6. Bolagarh

30315

13741

9023

565

45

1685

795

105

1439

333

2584

676

7. Chilika

25688

9935

3920

6307

30

246

551

316

1468

647

2268

505

8.Jatani

20094

6320

6381

445

331

401

575

641

1542

1033

2425

1319

9. Khurda

27343

9967

7980

470

1029

534

1844

206

1770

829

2714

1146

10. Tangi

31433

12631

6481

3949

89

560

1093

248

2768

671

2943

851

URBAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Balugaon(N)

3464

498

255

241

-

67

236

35

1247

382

476

76

2. Banapur(N)

3471

948

466

80

1

120

161

43

833

87

732

194

3. Bhubaneswar(N)

134030

2732

6147

3805

762

1104

12803

9773

26033

9608

61263

936

4  Jatani (N).

11411

348

305

108

11

160

886

296

2436

4730

2131

178

5.  Khurda(N)

8313

375

797

374

26

294

1669

299

1668

556

2255

83

District Total

436,036

113,169

83,564

19,528

2,660

9,546

28,688

13,472

51,293

21,046

93,020

13,640

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.


TABLE – 4

AREAWISE LAND UTILISATION PATTERN  (1998-99)

 

Block

Forest area

Misc. tree crops & Groves not included in net area sown

Permanent pasture & other grazing lands

Culti-vable waste

Land put to non-Agricul-tural uses

Barren and unculti-vable land

Current fallows

Other fallows

Net area sown

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1998-99

27318

21695

13199

7829

26778

20223

5738

18793

118095

1. Balianta

34

394

677

87

2268

357

433

349

10244

2. Balipatna

38

579

578

465

2458

278

450

384

8788

3. Banapur

14903

499

893

229

2045

8727

418

1005

9805

4. Begunia

786

7146

1027

1213

1745

626

297

3490

14698

5. Bhubaneswar

3120

637

3011

1679

2260

1513

1789

5664

10569

6. Bolagarh

333

2606

631

1333

2426

1893

82

541

16179

7. Chilika

4

401

1671

80

3965

3990

497

901

7703

8. Jatani

2255

2022

2353

741

1432

57

446

2095

10258

9. Khurda

2580

3298

1056

1565

2046

1341

768

2053

15662

10. Tangi

3265

4113

1302

437

6133

1441

558

2311

14189

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

TABLE – 5

CLASSIFICATION OF FOREST AREA (1999)

Sl.No.

Classification of forest

Area in sq.kms.

1

2

3

1.

Reserve Forest

298.81

2.

Demarcated Protected Forest

209.87

3.

Undemarcated Forest

0.00

4.

Un Classified Forest

0.68

5.

Other Forest

109.31

 

Total :

618.67

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

TABLE – 6

FISH AND FRY (AS ON 1998-99)

 

Year/District/Block

Production of fish (in M.T.)

 

Fresh Water

Brakish Water

Marine

Total

 

 

 

 

 

1998-99

4882

2032

-

6914

 

 

 

 

 

Balianta

820

-

-

820

 

 

 

 

 

Balipatna

702

-

-

702

 

 

 

 

 

Banapur

491

-

-

491

 

 

 

 

 

Begunia

209

-

-

209

 

 

 

 

 

Bhubaneswar

947

-

-

947

 

 

 

 

 

Bolagarh

412

-

-

412

 

 

 

 

 

Chilika

295

1127

-

1422

 

 

 

 

 

Jatni

360

-

-

360

 

 

 

 

 

Khurda

374

-

-

374

 

 

 

 

 

Tangi

272

905

-

1177

 

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE – 7

 

LIVESTOCK & ANIMAL HUSBANDRY (AS ON 1998-99)

 

Sl.No.

Category

Khurda

 Subdivision

Bhubaneswar

 Subdivision

Khurda

District

 

 

Rural

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

Urban

Total

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Cow (a+b)

138198

12696

153127

35406

291325

48102

339427

339427

   (a) Sheeps

2395

8302

13348

17433

15743

25735

41478

41478

        i)Below 2-5 years

856

2887

5727

5240

6583

8127

14710

14710

       ii)Above 2-5 years

1539

5415

7621

12193

9160

17608

26768

26768

  (b) Indigenous

135803

4394

139779

17973

275582

22367

297949

297949

        i) Below 3 years

48756

1884

29863

8655

78619

10539

89158

89158

       ii) Above 3 years

87047

2510

109916

9318

196963

11828

208791

208791

2. Total Cattle (a+b)

259295

15613

217134

74923

476429

90536

566965

566965

     (a) Cross Breed

4461

8895

17504

22433

21965

31328

53293

53293

     (b) Indigenous

254834

6718

199630

52490

454464

59208

513672

513672

3.  Buffaloes (a+b)

18846

274

3230

3102

122076

3376

25452

25452

     (a) Male

13310

190

607

1138

13917

3128

15245

15245

     (b) Female

5536

84

2623

1964

8159

2048

10207

10207

          i) Below 3 years

1878

26

1225

772

3103

798

3901

3901

         ii) Above 3 years

3658

58

1398

1192

5056

1250

6306

6306

4.  Sheeps

33889

353

30478

2514

64367

2867

67234

67234

5.  Goats

40291

670

38503

3459

78794

4129

82923

82923

6.  Pigs

849

46

2056

244

2905

290

3195

3195

7.  Fowl (a+b)

402159

3727

144236

35777

546395

39504

585899

585899

     (a) Deshi

73885

2285

42269

18459

116154

20744

136898

136898

     (b) Improved

328274

1442

101967

17318

430241

18760

449001

449001

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

 

 

TABLE – 8

INDUSTRIES (SSI, COTTAGE & HANDLOOM

 SECTOR AS ON 1998-99)

Sl.No.

Items

Magnitude

1

2

3

1.

A) Small Scale Industries

 

 

     I) No. of SSI units established

243

 

    II) Total Capital Investment (Rs. In Lakhs)

1793.92

 

   III) Employment generated (numbers)

1472

 

B) Cottage Industries

 

 

     I) No. of cottage Industries set up

937

 

    II) Total Capital Investment (Rs. In Lakhs)

217.35

 

   III) Employment generated (numbers)

13.65

 

C) Handloom Industries

 

 

     I) No. of looms

13268

 

    II) Total Capital Investment (Rs. In Lakhs)

1974.26

 

   III) Production ( in lakh sq. mt.)

36.96

 

   IV) Employment Generated (Numbers)

26536

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

TABLE – 9

TRANSPORT AND COMMUNICATION (AS ON 1998-99)

(In Kilometer)

Sl.No.

Categories of Road

1998-99

1

2

3

1.

National Highway

109

2.

State Highway

58

3.

Major District Roads

456

4.

Other District Roads

209

5.

Forest Roads

305

6.

Grampanchayat Roads

4925

7.

Classified village Roads

129

8.

P.S. Roads

595

9.

Village Roads

755

10.

Urban Roads

N.A.

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

TABLE –10

HEALTH (AS ON 1998-99)

  (In numbers)

Year/Block/U.L.B.

Medical colleges, District Head Quarters Hospitals

Sub-

Divisional

 Hospitals

Other

Hospitals

Community Health

Centres

Primary

 Health Centres

Primary

Health Centres (New)

Mobile

Health Centres

Total

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

1998-99

2

-

10

6

7

60

2

87

1. Balianta

-

-

1

-

1

2

-

4

2. Balipatna

-

-

-

1

-

3

-

4

3. Banapur

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

3

4. Begunia

-

-

-

1

-

10

-

11

5. Bhubaneswar

-

-

-

-

1

2

-

3

6. Bolagarh

-

-

1

-

1

6

-

8

7. Chilika

-

-

-

-

1

4

-

5

8. Jatani

-

-

-

-

-

4

-

4

9. Khurda

-

-

-

-

1

6

-

7

10. Tangi

-

-

2

1

-

5

-

8

URBAN

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1. Banapur(N)

-

-

-

1

-

-

-

1

2. Balugaon(N)

-

-

-

-

-

-

-

1

3. Bhubaneswar(M)

1

-

4

1

-

16

1

23

4. Jatani(N)

-

-

1

1

-

-

1

3

5. Khurda(N)

1

-

1

-

-

-

-

2

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

TABLE – 11

BANKING (AS ON 31.3.1999)

Item

Unit

1999

A. Public Sector Banks

 

 

1. Reporting Offices

No.

129

2. Deposits

Rs. in Lakh

224940

3. Credit

Rs. in Lakh

89267

4. Credit-Deposit Ratio

Percent

39.68

B. Regional Rural Banks

 

 

1. Reporting Offices

No.

43

2. Deposits

Rs. in Lakh

10000

3. Credit

Rs. in Lakh

4591

4. Credit-Deposit Ratio

Percent

45.91

C. All Scheduled Commercial Banks

 

 

1. Reporting Offices

No.

178

2. Deposits

Rs. in Lakh

242762

3. Credit

Rs. in Lakh

95240

4. Credit-Deposit Ratio

Percent

39.23

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

 

 

 

TABLE – 12

OTHER INFRASTRUCTURE FACILITIES (AS ON 1998-99)

 

Sl.No.

Item

Unit

Magnitude

1

2

3

4

1.

Total Railway Route in length

Km

125

2.

Total No. of Telephone Exchange

No.

80

3.

No. of Primary School

No.

1226

4.

Middle School

No.

446

5.

Secondary School

No.

234

6.

General Colleges

No.

51

7.

Engineering Colleges (Govt.)

No.

01

8.

Engineering Colleges (Pvt.)

No.

31

9.

Engineering School & Polytechnic

No.

17

10.

ITI (Govt.)

No.

01

11.

ITI (Pvt.) & MCTI

No.

11

 

Source: District Statistical Hand Book, Khurda, 1999.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER – III

ENVIRONMENTAL SCANNING AND RESOURCE ANALYSIS

 

 

            Industrial opportunity form the foundation on which the super structure of a venture rests. If the foundation is weak or defective then the super structure of an industrial venture may collapse or require extensive repairs. Hence all care & efforts should be taken to select right opportunities. Opportunity is the attractive project idea and selected on the basis of the resource availability of the area apart from food market scope and attractive return on investment. This chapter deals with the following aspects:

 

A.   Resource Availability of the District

B.    Existing Industrial Scenario

C.   Existing Market Potential

D.   Other Points of Advantages in the District

 

A. Resource Availability of the District :

The economic strength of an area can only be judged from the availability and tapping of various resources of that area. There are various types of resources available such as :

1.    Human Resources

2.    Material Resources

                 (i)  Natural Resources

                     (a)  Agriculture

                              (b)  Horticulture & Vegetables

                               ©   Forest

                (ii)  Marine Resources  

                (iii)  Livestock Resources

      (iv)  Mineral Resources

3.    Infrastructure Facilities

                    (a)  Land

(b)  Industrial Estates/Factory shed/Complexes/Parks

                    ©    Utilities

·       Water

·       Power

(d)  Communication Network/Transporation

·       Railways

·       Road Transport

·       Air Transport

·       Water Transport

4.    Lending Institutions/Finance

(1) Human Resources :

          The human resources is one of the most important aspects on which all the other resources depend. The more the numbers of qualified, experienced and trained human resources available the more will be the prospects of the district. Khurda district is one of the thickly populated districts having a population of 15.02 lakhs and ranked 6th amongst the 30 districts of Orissa. It is having the highest literacy rate at 67.72%. It is the only district of Orissa where both the Techno-Management Manpower and working class labourers are available in abundance.

 

Techno-Management Manpower:

 

The district is rich in financial and managerial manpower due to the presence of a number of technical and management institute. The presence of around 45 technical Institutes (Degree/Diploma/ITI & Polytechnic) and a host of Management Institutes has been continuously supplying such personnel not only to the Khurda District but also to the whole of the state. A profile/list of Technical & Management Institute is given below.

(A) Degree Colleges(Technical, Management) :

§       College of Engineering & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

§       Kalinga Institute of Industrial Technology (KIIT), Bhubaneswar.

§       C.V. Raman College of Engineering & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

§       Konark Institute of Science & Technology (KIST), Bhubaneswar.

§       Kripajal Engineering College, Bhubaneswar.

§       Orissa Engineering College, Sundarpada.

§       Lingaraj Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar.

§       Institute of Engineering & Technological Research (IETR), Bhubaneswar.

§       CEB, Industrial Estate, Patia, Bhubaneswar.

§       SILICON, Industrial Estate, Bhubaneswar.

§       EAST, Bhubaneswar.

§       MITS, Bhubaneswar.

§       Ganesh Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar.

§       IFFAI, Bhubaneswar.

§       Deptt. of Management, Utkal University, Bhubaneswar.

§       Xavier Institute of Management(XIMB), Bhubaneswar.

§       Regional College of Management, Bhubaneswar.

§       IBAT, Bhubaneswar.

§       IMAGE, Bhubaneswar.

(B) Diploma Institute (Technical, Pharmaceutical)/

       Polytechnique & ITI

 

§       Nilachal Polytechnic

§       KIIT, Bhubaneswar

§       C.V. Raman Institute of Technology, Bhubaneswar

§       Biju Patnaik College of Engineering & Technology, Bhubaneswar.

§       GIET, Bhubaneswar

§       Govt. Womens Polytechnic, Bhubaneswar.

§       Bhubaneswar Institute of Information & Management Technology (BIIMT), Bhubaneswar.

§       Jayadev College of Pharmacy, Bhubaneswar.

§       Central Institute of Plastic Engineering & Technology (CIPET), Bhubaneswar.

§       Central Tool Room, Bhubaneswar.

§       Pharmacy College, Janla, Khurda.

 

(C) Other Institutions of repute:

Hotel Management

§       Institute of Hotel Management, V.S.S. Nagar, Bhubaneswar

§       I.H.M.T., Forest Park, Bhubaneswar

§       Institute of Hotel Management, Payal Hotel Complex, Cuttack Road, Bhubaneswar.

 

§       C.I.H. Management, Rasulgarh, Bhubaneswar.

§       C.I.H.M. & Consultancy, Baramunda, Bhubaneswar.

§       Trade Wings Institute of Management, Sahidnagar, Bhubaneswar.

Travel & Tour

§       Indian Institute of Tourism & Travel Management, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar.

Fisheries

§       Central Institute of Fresh water Aquaculture, Kaushalyagang, Bhubaneswar.

Horticulture

§       Canning Centre, Unit – 2, Bhubaneswar

§       Canning Centre, Samantrapur, Bhubaneswar

§       Food & Nutrition Board, Satyanagar, Bhubaneswar

Agriculture

§       Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT), Siripur, Bhubaneswar.

 

§       Institute of Management & Agriculture Enterprises, Siripur, Bhubaneswar.

Livestock

§       College of Veterinary Science, Siripur, Bhubaneswar.

§       Orissa University of Agriculture & Technology (OUAT), Siripur, Bhubaneswar.

 

§       OPOLOFED, Bhubaneswar

§       OMFED, Bhubaneswar

Fashion Technology

§       NIFD, Baramunda, Bhubaneswar.

§       J.D. Institute of Fashion Technology, Baramunda, Bhubaneswar.

§       I. Saft, Chandrasekharpur, Bhubaneswar.

§       Oracle Institute of Fashion Technology, Kalpana Square, Bhubaneswar.

 

Interior Design

§       Institute of Interior Design, Forest Park, Bhubaneswar.

Art & Craft

§       B.K. College of Art & Craft, Khandagiri, Bhubaneswar.

 

The presence of the above Institutes of repute clearly shows the flow of highly qualified technical & managerial work force of the district.

 

Manual Manpower

          There is a total 4.5 lakhs available work force both for manual work in the district out of which 4.36 lakhs are main workers and 0.14 lakh are marginal workers. The composition of main workers in the district on the basis of their job pattern are furnished as below.

 

Table- 13

Main workers viz-a-vis Job Pattern of Khurda District

Sl.No.

Job Pattern

Nos.

%

1.

Cultivator

1,12,219

25.97

2.

Agricultural labour

83,564

19.16

3.

Livestock, Forestry, Fishing, etc.

19,528

4.48

4.

Mining & Quarrying

2,660

0.61

5.

Manufacture, processing, servicing and repairs

 

 

 

i)   In household industry

9,546

2.19

 

ii)  Other than household industry

28,688

6.58

6.

Construction

13,472

3.09

7.

Trade & Commerce

51,293

11.76

8.

Transport, storage and communication

21,046

4.83

9.

Other servicing

93,020

21.33

 

Total:

4,36,036

100.00

 

         

The position of the human resource availability of the district are ascertained from the records of the District Employment Exchange. The records also reflected both the skilled & unskilled manpower of the district. The numbers of unemployed enrolled in the register of the Employment Exchange for the last two years speak about the employment situation of the district.

Table- 14

Sex-wise Unemployment Position of

Khurda District

Sl.No.

Category of unemployed

Year 1997

Year 1998

 

 

Male

Female

Total

Male

Female

Total

1.

No. of person on the leave register

60559

12156

72717

59237

10939

70176

2.

Matriculate

16310

5881

22191

13656

3640

17116

3.

Intermediate

7252

2540

9792

5408

1568

6976

4.

Graduate

12390

2103

14493

9246

1452

10698

5.

Post Graduate (N.A.)

-

-

-

-

-

-

6.

Diploma Holder

1491

126

1617

1313

106

1419

7.

Skilled worker

833

180

1013

6904

595

7499

8.

No. of placement

105

16

121

76

12

88

 

            From the table it is quite clear that there is tremendous opportunity of availing the right type of person both under technical and non-technical category for any industrial activities as scope of getting employment in Government/Semi Government Sector is very remote.

 

(2) Material Resources:

          Raw material availability forms the basis depending upon which a project opportunity is selected/identified. Like human resources, it is also one of the main resources required for industrial venture.

 

          The material resources of Khurda district are ascertained on the following points.

(i)             Natural Resources

(ii)           Marine Resources

(iii)         Livestock Resources

(iv)         Mineral Resources

 

(i) Natural Resources

          Natural resources are the resources available and procured from the nature and the survey ever undertaken to ascertain its availability on the following heads.

-  Agriculture

-  Horticulture & Vegetables

-  Forest

 

Agriculture :

          Though agriculture plays a vital role in the economic development but the survey on the district of Khurda has shown not so encouraging result on this sector. The agricultural activities of the district were undertaken in a lesser scale as compared to the other district of Orissa. During survey it was observed that due to urbanization of the areas and presence of state capital there is sizeable number of migration of cultivator and agricultural labourers to other occupational areas like trade and industry. Despite a number of shortcomings, agriculture provides a source of sustenance and employment to maximum number of people of the district.

          The land utilization pattern of the Khurda district for agriculture sector for last two years are placed as follows.

Table – 15

Land Utilisation Pattern

(Area in 000’ Hect.)

Sl.No.

Item

1996-1997

1997-1998

 

 

Area

% to total

Area

% to total

1.

Forest Area

107

37.0

107

37.0

2.

Misc.Trees and groves

4

1.4

4

1.4

3.

Permanent pasture

4

1.4

4

1.4

4.

Culturable Waste

5

1.7

5

1.7

5.

Land put to non-agricultural uses

27

9.3

27

9.3

6.

Barren and uncultivable land

2

0.7

2

0.7

7.

Current fallow

8

2.8

1

0.4

8.

Other fallow

3

1.0

3

1.0

9.

Net sown area

129

44.7

136

47.1

Total geographical area

289

100.00

289

100.00

 

 

Rice, Mung, Keelthi are the principal crops of Khurda district. The gross cropped area of the district for the last two years are as follows:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table – 16

Cropping Pattern

(Area in ‘000 Hect.)

Sl.No.

Item

1996-97

1997-98

 

 

Area

% to total gross cropped area

Area

% to total gross cropped area

1.

Paddy

121.34

60.0

114.71

50.5

2.

Other cereals

1.74

0.9

2.31

1.0

3.

Total cereals

121.08

60.9

117.02

51.5

4.

Total pulse

39.87

19.7

62.54

27.5

5.

Total food-grains

162.95

80.6

179.56

79.1

6.

Total oil seeds

6.55

3.2

6.21

2.7

7.

Total vegetables

12.94

6.4

13.34

5.9

8.

Total spices

1.43

0.7

2.60

1.1

9.

Total fibres

0.67

0.3

0.66

0.3

10.

Sugarcane

1.37

0.7

0.83

0.4

11.

Tobacco

-

-

-

-

12.

Fruits

16.29

8.1

23.87

10.5

A.

Total Gross

Cropped Area

202.20

100.0

227.27

100.0

B.

NET Area sown

129.0

-

136.0

-

C.

Cropping Intensity in %

157

-

167

-

 

 

          From the table it is observed that there is gradual decline in the cropping area. The production of different agricultural crops of the district during the last two years are as follows.

 

 

 

Table – 17

Production of Agriculture crops

(Area in 000’ hect.; Production in 000’ tones)

Sl.No.

       Item

1997-98

1998-99

 

 

Area
Production
Area
Production

1.

Total rice

114.71

162.14

125.90

212.14

2.

Wheat

0.08

0.04

0.08

0.12

3.

Maize

1.24

0.82

1.49

1.00

4.

Ragi

0.90

0.62

0.90

0.61

5.

Mung

39.81

13.50

34.65

11.75

6.

Biri

11.27

3.15

8.03

2.78

7.

Kulthi

10.30

3.98

11.09

4.76

8.

Cowpea

0.27

0.15

0.31

0.18

9.

Arhar

0.62

0.29

0.67

0.34

10.

Field Pea

0.14

0.08

0.18

0.11

11.

Groundnut

3.04

3.89

2.03

2.07

12.

Seas (Til)

1.96

0.49

1.82

0.55

13.

Mustard

0.88

0.25

0.33

0.10

14.

Linseed

0.15

0.05

-

-

15.

Jute

0.05

0.29

0.05

0.27

16.

Mesta

0.56

2.05

0.57

1.82

17.

Chillies

1.56

1.25

1.59

1.28

18.

Corriander

0.52

0.23

0.54

0.28

19.

Garlic

0.41

1.28

0.44

1.38

20.

Sugarcane

0.83

5.81

1.36

9.73

 

 

            From the above table it is clear that there is availability of surplus agriculture crops like Mung, Biri etc. in the district which can be utilized for industrial processing after meeting the primary demand.

 

          The district is well irrigated and the irrigated area of the district comprises 79.14 thousand hectares in kharif and 40.89 thousand hectares in rabi season.

 

          The total irrigated area and cropwise irrigated area of the district are reflected in the table below.

Table – 18

Irrigated Area of the Dstrict

(Area in 000’ hect.)

Sl.No.

Item

Kharif

Rabi

1.

Minor & Medium

43.51

15.81

2.

Minor (flow)

15.51

1.89

3.

Minor (lift)

6.05

3.63

4.

Other sources

14.07

9.56

5.

Total

79.14

40.89

 

 

 

Table – 19

Cropwise Irrigated Area of the District

(Area in 000’ hect.)

Sl.No.

Item

Kharif

Rabi

1.

Rice

47.06

5.71

2.

Total cereals

47.06

6.00

3.

Mung

-

2.74

4.

Biri

-

0.66

5.

Total pulse

-

3.71

6.

Groundnut

-

0.61

7.

Total oil seeds

-

0.61

8.

Potato

-

0.21

9.

Onion

-

0.81

10.

Other vegetables

5.79

6.91

11.

Total vegetables

5.79

7.93

12.

Total spices

1.04

1.13

13.

Sugarcane

-

0.83

Total irrigated area

53.39

20.21

 

            The irrigated area under major and medium project constitutes 57.75% of total irrigated area whereas under Minor/Lift irrigation, it constitutes 22.56% and remains 19.69% of the irrigated land are mainly from tanks and wells. Out of the 1090 lift irrigation points available till 1997, 271 are by Orissa Lift Irrigation Corporation and 819 by private sector. Besides this there is existence of huge ground water potential in the district, which can be exploited for irrigation purposes. Based on the ground water availability, 12,210 dug wells, 1090 pump sets, 239 FPT WS, 19 SIWs and 9 Bore wells are functioning in the district till 1997.

 

Horticulture & Vegetables :

          Khurda district has got about 39,702 hectares of high land, 43,499 hectares of medium land, 14130 Hectares of cultivable and 15457 hectares of barren land. The high and medium land, together measuring around 83,151 hectares are conducive for horticulture while the cultivable and barren land are suitable for plantation of crops and vegetables. The climatic condition in the district is suitable for plantation of cashewnut and floriculture. Coconut, banana, cashew, mango, citrus and betelvine are the principal fruit crops of the district where as vegetables like potato, onion, chilli, brinjal, cabbages, tomato etc. are grown in rural areas like Utara, Baghamari. Volume/area-wise production of fruits and vegetables for the last two years are quite illustrative of the potentialities of the horticulture and vegetable crops of the district.

 

 

 

 

Table – 20

Production of Fruit Crops of

 Khurda District

Sl.No.

Name of Fruit

Year 1997-98

Year 1998-99

 

 

Area

(in hect)

Product

(in MT)

Area

(in hect)

Product

(in MT)

1.

Banana

1167

12597

1216

13565

2.

Litchu

11

36

56

11

3.

Mango

4058

17396

4248

21960

4.

Citrus

340

1775

355

3035

5.

Guava

127

649

188

867

6.

Bar

10

22

10

44

7.

Coconut

6929

531.12

6962

599.78

8.

Sopeta

336

1102

361

1410

9.

Pine Apple

23

306

23

370

10.

Papaya

184

3109

204

3121

11.

Miscellaneous

1018

7764

1023

9109

 

Table – 21

Production of vegetables of Khurda District

Sl.No.

Name of vegetables

Year 1997-98

Year 1998-99

 

 

Area

(in hect)

Product

(in MT)

Area

(in hect)

Product

(in MT)

1.

Potato

0.21

2.51

0.20

2.72

2.

Sweet Potato

0.26

2.06

0.28

2.27

3.

Onion

0.90

3.15

0.91

4.09

4.

Other vegetables

11.97

102.76

10.15

87.99

5.

Total vegetables

13.34

110.48

11.54

97.07

6.

Chillies

1.56

1.25

1.59

1.28

7.

Corriander

0.52

0.23

0.54

0.28

8.

Garlic

0.41

1.28

0.44

1.38

9.

Ginger

0.11

0.11

0.30

0.55

 

            From the above two tables it clearly shows that the surplus position of fruits like coconut, cashew, banana, citrus and vegetables like potato, onion in the district of Khurda. Thus there is tremendous potentialities of the agro based industries in the district.

 

          To promote horticulture and vegetable crops in the district, a number of extension and support services are being provided by different institutions through workshop/training programmes. Some of the establishments in the district are as follows:

 

1.     Regional Plant Research Centre, Bhubaneswar

2.     Prugency Orchard, Nimuna and Khandagiri

3.     School of Horticulture, Khurda

4.     OUAT, Bhubaneswar

5.     Horticulture Farm, Khurda

6.     Ekamra Kanan Farm, Bhubaneswar

7.     State Botanical Garden, Nandan Kanan

8.     Deras Farm, Mendhasal

 

Besides these, a number of canning center and private farms came in to existence for providing training to potential entrepreneurs.

 

Forest :

          Inspite of severe deforestation in the district due to the demand for house sites, offices and other consumables, the district of Khurda has still a forest area of 618.67 sq.km. It is 21.41% of the total geographical area of the district. Most of the forest areas are under the control of Revenue & Forest Department and some are under the control of the Government. Timber, Bamboo, Fire wood, Sal wood, Mohua flower, Siali leaves, Nox Vomica, Tamarind, Bahada and Harida are some of the forest products of the district. Due to lack of proper systematic collection of forest products most of the products are worsted in the jungle so these are not so significant for industrial use. The cashewnuts are cultivated in the more than 7000 hectares of land the annual yield is estimated at about 2800 MT, thus cultivation of cashewnut occupies a significant place in the district. The climatic condition of the district is quite conducive for plantation of the forest species like eucalyptus, bamboo, sisal, casuarinas, neem etc. The forest area of the district of Khurda is categorized as follows:

Table – 22

A)

Forest Land under the control of Revenue Department

1.

Demarcated Protected Forest (DPF)

209.89 sq.km.

2.

Undemarcated Protected Forest (UDPF)

Nil

3.

Other forests

109.31 sq.km.

B)

Forest Land under the control of Forest Department

1.

Reserve Forest

298.81 sq.km.

2.

Unclassified Forest

0.68 sq.km.

C)

Total Govt. Forest

618.67 sq.km.

 

 

(ii) Marine Resources :

          Marine resources of Khurda district are fresh water fish, sea fish and prawn. The presence of river Kuakhai,Salia, Malguni, Daya and Bhargabi within the district are instrumental in supplying fresh water fish commonly known as Rohi, Bhakura, Mirigali etc. Though the district has no marine coast but the presence of Chilika lake within the administrative jurisdiction of this district acts as a store house of large and diverse varieties of fish and prawn. Supply & marketing of fish has never been a problem due to the presence of large number of consumption centers in the district. Brakish water prawn cultivation are undertaken in two blocks of the district namely Tangi & Chilika, which are situated adjoining to Chilika lake. Besides its own source of supply of these marine products, the district is getting constant supply of the marine products from its adjoining districts of Puri, Cuttack and Jagatsinghpur due to its well developed transport network. Central Institute of Fresh water Aquaculture (CIFA) is situated at Bhubaneswar trains farmer in fish farming, seed production, etc. Fish production of the district and area wise production of fish and fry within the district are illustrated at the table given below.

Table – 23

Quantity and Value of Fish produced in Khurda District

Year

Fish

Prawn

Total

 

Qty.

(in MT)

Value

(in Rs. Lakh)

Qty.

(in MT)

Value

(in Rs)

Qty.

(in MT)

Value

(in Rs.)

1995-96

5525

-

NA

NA

5525

NIL

1996-97

7956

230.68

242

484

8198

722.68

1997-98

6005

180.15

29

58

6034

238.15

1998-99

6914

207.42

45

90

6959

297.42

 

 

Table – 24

Production of Fish and Fry in different blocks of

 Khurda District

Sl.No.

Block

Fresh Water

Brakish water

Total

Production of fry (000 No.)

1.

Balianta

625

-

625

9412

2.

Balipatna

497

-

497

-

3.

Banapur

353

-

353

-

4.

Begunia

239

-

239

-

5.

Bhubaneswar

704

-

704

-

6.

Bolagarh

444

-

444

-

7.

Chilika

298

1185

1483

-

8.

Jatni

374

-

374

-

9.

Khurda

345

-

345

-

10.

Tangi

353

108

461

-

Total

 

 

5525

9412

 

(iii) Livestock Resources :

 

          Live stock products are now considered as one of the lucrative method of economic activities. Thus efforts are on developing livestock resources within the district. Livestock activities are related to activities like Dairy, Goatery, Piggery and Poultry and provides an important source of income to the people of the district.

 

          The district is well connected under the Programme “Operation Flood” and then under a new project “Orissa Dairy Project”, thus has the infrastructure and opportunities for Dairy development. According to the census of 1995, the district has 339427 cows out of which 41478 are improved breed cows. Due to the project operation flood, a number of Milk Union have come up in the district for taking care of the milk marketing. OMFED, a state government subsidiary has two chilling plants at Tangi & Bhubaneswar having a capacity of 2000 lpd & 1,00,000 lpd respectively. The district has fine cattle feed plants with a total capacity of 45 MT and fine urban centers. The feed plants have created scope for fodder cultivation in the area. Training & updated information on Dairy are being provided by OMFED, Veterinary Department, Animal Husbandry Department, Veterinary College, OUAT under different schemes and workshop. Under Orissa Dairy Project, training of women farmer are undertaken and subsidized cattle feed, health cover are being provided to the farmers. Besides dairy, scope in goatery and piggery are picking up due to rapid consumption of meat and pork in the district and its adjoining areas. Thus, cultivation of goat and pig are undertaken in massive scale in the district.

 

          Poultry are undertaken as an important economic activity in the district. The poultry population of the district are 595165 of which 329300 are layers. The broilers turn out in the district are 154.6 lac/year. Due to the local demand for chicken and egg in the district, there is vast scope of this sector in the district. At present the district has got 6 large layer units, 3 hatchery units. Most of the layer and hatchery units are thriven on private initiative. OPOLOFED, the only Government undertaking has about 30 booths for selling poultry products. The future of poultry units in the district seems to be very encouraging due to sudden spurt in the local demand of the product in the market.

 

          The health care in these sector are undertaken by the Animal Husbandry sector of the district having 20 nos. of veterinary hospital and dispensaries with 33 nos. of Assistant Surgeon, 98 no. of LAC, 11 no. of LIS/Vet. Tab and 43 AT centers along with 41 livestock aid centers, 2 plants, are frozen Semen Bank, one Biological Products Institute and Clinical Investigation Laboratory.

 

          The table furnished below illustrates the animal resources in the district of Khurda.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Table – 25

 

Livestock and Animal Husbandry

 in Khurda District (1995 Census)

Sl.

No.

Category

Khurda

Sub-Division

Bhubaneswar

Sub-Division

Khurda

District

 

 

Rural

Urban

Rural

Urban

Rural

Urban

Total

1.

Cow (A+B)

138198

12696

153127

35406

291325

48102

339427

a)

Cow Breed

2395

8302

13348

17433

15743

25735

41478

b)

Indigenous

135803

4384

139779

17973

275582

22367

297949

2.

Total Cattle (a+b)

259295

15613

217134

74923

476429

90536

566965

a)

Cross Breed

4461

2895

17504

22433

21965

31328

53293

b)

Indigenous

254834

6718

199630

52490

454464

59208

513672

3.

Buffalow (a+b)

18846

274

3230

3102

27067

3376

25452

a)

Male

13310

190

607

1138

13917

1328

15245

b)

Female

5536

84

2623

1964

8159

2048

10207

4.

Total Sheep

33889